The Ocean Conference, organized by United Nations, will take place in New York (USA) from 5th June to 9th June next. The conference aims to support the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14 which is based on the conservation and sustainably use of the oceans, seas and marine resources for worldwide sustainable development.
The Ocean Conference’s programme includes side events which will create further opportunities for networking, sharing experiences and developements.
According to the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) there are nearly 925 million hungry people in the world today.
The numbers remain clearly unacceptable nowadays. We currently produce enough food to feed the global population so why is that people are still going without food?
It is clear that this is a huge task, how do we make better use of the world resources in order to feed the plant?
To try answer both these questions, it is obvious that this means dealing with environmental issues such as fish stocks, cultivation of biofuels, water management, waste water, ecological crops, and so many more issues that affect the health of our planet.
Regarding the fisheries topic, we face a really complex problem all over the world: the fish stocks are depleting almost everywhere but the world´s demand is rising as the population is growing. Recently, the EU has decided that something has to be done now, sooner than later and the Common Fisheries Policy has come to the top of the agenda.
The EU fisheries chief, Maria Damanaki, has announced some reforms which aim to recover EU fish stocks in order to preserve them for the benefit and welfare of future generations. The initiatives are to get the fish stocks back to sustainable levels by 2015 which means less fishing along European region as most of the stocks are already overfished.
The proposal also includes a stricter regulation for fish farms and aquaculture, the possibility to give fishermen exchange quotas so as to stop discarding fish, which is seen as a waste in this current climate when people are going without food. This will mean that all catches will be counted as quota.
The new measures proposed are supposed to help reach the goal of a more sustainable environment and a better management of our resources.
Some measures that may be introduced are to address issues such as consumer worries like better labeling.
Fishing is connected to food security and economic growth. Damanaki said that if we do not act now, only 8 of 136 EU fish stocks will be healthy and at sustainable levels by 2022. In 2011 that is something we cannot ignore.